Course at a Glance

October 16 to November 6
Humboldt Bay Aquatic Center (HBAC)

The 14th Amendment: Citizenship, Due Process & Equal Protection


With Kathleen Lee

The Constitution defines the powers given to the U.S. government and the limits upon those powers. At the time of its ratification -- and up until the Civil War -- the Constitution and its interpretation defined the freedoms of citizens. But the determination of who was a citizen, and what rights each person in the U.S. was entitled to, remained largely undefined, and the Bill of Rights was seen as only applying to the Federal Government -- not the states.

While the 1st Amendment is seen as the premier protector of freedoms, the 14th Amendment is seen as the one which defines who is entitled to the protections of the Constitution and who is a citizen -- in other words, it defines equality. Without this amendment, the Bill of Rights would not have been applied to state action as well as Federal. There would have been no right to vote for women, no civil rights for minorities and no birthright citizenship.

This four-part course will explore the role of this crucial Amendment in American democracy. It will cover the events that led up to the ratification of the amendment, the struggle for ratification in the aftermath of the Civil War and the evolution of the Court's interpretation of the Amendment. We'll also discuss current controversies involving the Amendment, including birthright citizenship, treatment of detainees in the War on Terror and the treatment of immigrants.

Wed., Oct. 16-Nov. 6 • 1-3 p.m.


Humboldt Bay Aquatic Center (HBAC)

$70 • Class #: 43839

Register now


Kathleen Lee

Kathleen Lee

Kathleen Lee taught Political Science at College of the Redwoods and Humboldt State for 25 years. Here particular focus was on public policy and environmental politics.